Infection Control Protocols In Dental Office.

The oral healthcare setting provides opportunities for occupational exposure to infectious diseases. All dental personnel must be trained in exposure prevention to alleviate the impact of accidental contact with the infected patient. Such training should include different facets of epidemiology, diagnosis of infectious diseases and etiology. Every dental office is required by law to develop and follow the infection control protocols. All members of the dental team will be required to observe the terms and conditions outlined in the protocol manual.

The dental clinical personnel may be required to be vaccinated and obtain regular booster shots as necessary. This method of disease prevention protects both the patient and the health care worker, such as the dentist and his assistant, form accidental infection. All clinicians and dental support staff must implement the application of Personal Protective Equipment for all procedures and when in direct contact with the patient. In addition, every dental office is mandated to provide safe working environment according with the rules of Occupational Safety and Hazard Administration (OSHA). The violations may be reported by any member of the dental team to the proper authorities.

Administrative controls must also be observed and provide specific exclusions for treatment of patients with infectious diseases. This policy includes, but is not limited to, the patients with history of Tuberculosis, who cannot provide the proof of completed treatment of Tuberculosis. The dental protocols may include the stipulation, that the patients with such conditions may not be treated due to the violation of safety procedures. Any air borne diseases such as Tuberculosis should be treated as direct threat to the safety of dental personnel.
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